In the movie The King’s Speech, the son of King George (mother of Queen Elizabeth) is unable to speak without a significant tribe. It results in his inability to function with respect and admiration for those with whom he is required to engage in conversation. In fact, he is ridiculed, mocked and often ignored as individuals regard him as the weak-minded because of the obstacle. People who suffer from speech disorders such as stuttering and stuttering are clearly misunderstood, so let’s review what stuttering is, the signs and symptoms of stuttering, diagnosis, and what can be done to reduce or remove it from one’s speech pattern.
What is stuttering? (Also known as stuttering):
Stuttering is a speech barrier that often results when there are too many disruptions in the production of speech sounds. For example, I’m sure you’ve heard people who, when speaking, use an abundance of “uh’s, um’s and oh’s”. These are called disfluences (specifically interjections) in speech production and are quite common – even by people who are not considered to have a speech production disorder. The problem exists when there are too many deficiencies that impede the ability of the individual to communicate effectively.
Stuttering is usually felt during childhood and will often last one’s entire life. Parents are usually not aware of speech production difficulties until their children start speaking in sentences with more than a few words at a time. Stuttering will often invade many activities in a person’s life, whether talking on the phone, in front of large groups or perhaps when in an environment that causes a certain level of discomfort or stress for the individual. In some cases, it is a question everywhere, which means they struggle with communication at home, school, work and / or social situations.
As a result, many of these individuals will limit their participation in basic activities to avoid having to communicate with others. Why? They are often embarrassed or fear the reactions of others with whom they try to communicate. Some tribes may try to camouflage their speech difficulties by stopping midway in a sentence and pretending to have forgotten their thinking; Others will rearrange the words in one sentence to get the words out, perhaps in an unusual order, while others may refuse to speak at all. Either way, it really is a tragedy for those who have detached themselves from others to remove the need for communication.
Here are a few stats that come with stuttering:
– Stuttering often appears at ages 2-1 / 2 and 4 years. Although rare, stuttering can develop in primary school.
– Stuttering is more common in men than women, and it is actually estimated that boys are three to four times more likely to stutter.
– About 75% of preschoolers who can develop a strain also stop.
Signs and symptoms of stuttering:
As outlined below, stuttering or stuttering is a disruption in speech, which often makes it difficult for others to follow the pattern of speech and the information being forwarded. But there is more to it than one may realize. Stem speech also includes increased repetition of words or parts of words, such as when an individual can say, “I, I, I, I, I want a ccc cookie” or as in extension of speech sounds, as in the example cccc -ookie .
Finally, you may notice repetition of sub words that would be something like “Wh-Wh-Wh-What time is it?”
People who stutter may appear to be respirators and incredibly excited when trying to communicate with others. There are many reasons for these manners, and understanding them will help us to be more compassionate toward the individual. Some tribes actually seem to put the words “firmly” on their tongues without being able to express a sound. This is described by many tribes as the words that are blocked in their throats. They know “what” they want to say, it just doesn’t come out without some kind of delay in their speech pattern.
Often, an injection can be used to help “produce” the sound (s) that the individual is trying to make and will often be in the form of an “um”, “like” or another word or sound, used to allow speech to flow freely. Again, everyone struggles to get the words out from time to time, tribes think it’s hard all the time.
Diagnosing a Stutter:
It is not always possible to identify all the signs and symptoms of a strain. The repeated sounds, extensions of speech and interjections can be easily observed by those listening to the person struggling to get the words out, but there are also unattended difficulties. As a result, consultation with a Certified Speech Pathologist (SLP) is the best course of action.
During the evaluation, SLP will observe and note the following:
– The number and type of speech disorders / inconveniences a person produces within a certain period and also in different situations.
– How the individual responds to and deals with the dissatisfaction produced.
– Speech frequency.
– Language skills.
– The severity of the identified symptoms and how it affects their daily lives.
Information will also be collected about particular circumstances or factors that may cause or cause the stuttering to worsen, such as teasing, mockery, or perhaps getting tired, etc. In addition, the SLP will have a history of inequality, including age, where the symptoms were first discovered, the patient’s current age and information about family members who may also exhibit stuttering.
Once all the information has been assessed, reviewed and analyzed, the SLP will be able to determine if a fluency disorder exists and to what extent it has affected the individual’s ability to communicate with others and participate in daily activities.
Although the diagnosis is fairly consistent between adults and children, there are additional factors that will be considered when diagnosing young children. First and foremost, the SLP will evaluate to determine if the stuttering is likely to continue throughout the life of the child or whether it is likely to subside over time. The evaluation will include several tests, observations and interviews that will be used to determine the risk of continued stuttering.
Included in these additional tests will be:
– Family history – fought father, grandmother or mother of the child with stuttering as a child, adult etc. …
– Timeline – when did the stuttering begin and how long has it been so far; 1 – 3 months; 4 – 6 months; 6 months or more.
– Other speech and / or language disorders;
– Anxiety / fear as expressed by the child or his / her family regarding stuttering.
Unfortunately, there is no isolated factor or single predictor that determines or assists an SLP in identifying the probability of the child’s strain continuity. The combination of all the information obtained will help determine the best treatment and course of action to be taken at this time to help reduce elimination or provide successful intervention for the child and / or adult.
Treatments to soothe a stutter:
Treating a strain focuses more on behavioral triggers than medical reasons, as there is no one medication that will reduce or eliminate a stutter. The treatment will focus on skills and techniques to help the individual manage their disorder and improve their ability to communicate orally. Eg. Can the SLP teach the individual how to control their breathing. Calm breathing helps the individual by providing a sense of relaxation by reducing the anxiety that is often exhibited when speaking. They also learn how to monitor and control the speed at which they speak. By slowing speech rates and patterns, they will often be able to speak with less dissatisfaction in their sentences. In addition, they will be instructed and observed as they learn to put together fewer words that will enable them to produce more even flow of the words they are trying to evoke. Treatment takes time and patience. It may be necessary for the individual to seek treatment daily, weekly or monthly, and follow-up will be critical to continued success.
It is important to realize that people who stutter are already critically aware of their inability to express themselves to others without feelings of excitement or anxiety. But did you know that there are things that individuals who listen to people that stammers will often do, making them more painfully aware than ever of their problem? Eg. Completing sentences or filling in the topics results in the speech becoming more dissatisfied as they become aware of one’s impatience for them to complete their statement; Interrupting their thinking is also something to avoid as it is difficult enough for them to complete a sentence when they are able to focus on what they want to say. People who stutter want to be treated like anyone else – with the same level of respect and consideration. Give them time to generate what they want to communicate, and then listen patiently. Avoid making statements like “take a deep breath”, “relax” or “take your time” as this also makes it more difficult for them to focus and concentrate as it results in more frustration and anxiety, which often results in their inability to complete their statement without more stuttering.
People who stutter develop their own strategies along with those learned from SLPs so that they can communicate at a level that they feel more comfortable and comfortable doing. It is helpful if you find that you need to communicate regularly with someone who is struggling with stuttering, just asking the person how they want you (the listener) to respond when communicating. Letting the individual know that you are interested in “WHAT” they have to say and not “HOW” they say it will certainly reduce their level of anxiety, excitement and awkwardness. For example, “I notice you’re stuttering.” “I don’t want you to feel uncomfortable when you interact with me, so tell me how you would like me to respond when and / if you stutter.” This statement should be made in a non-condescending manner so that the individual gets the confidence and sincerity needed to have a conversation with you as he / she will stumble across certain words.
Although the exact cause of stuttering is unknown, studies suggest that the individual’s genetics may play a significant role. It may be the individual hereditary traits that have resulted in a stuttering due to a deterioration of the ability to partially produce sentences due to the inability to control various required muscle movements. Whatever the underlying cause, it is something that makes communication difficult for many affected by the disorder. With this in mind, recognizing how we can help vs. How we hurt is something that each of us can do to reduce the frustration, embarrassment and anxiety that go hand in hand with speech production issues.
I urge you, if you haven’t already, to watch the movie, The King’s Speech. It is truly a touching film and allows viewers to recognize the emotional, social and interpersonal difficulties experienced by people suffering from stuttering / stuttering. Although a movie, it provides an excellent portrayal of stuttering and how individuals have suffered for many years.
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